Published On: May 31st, 20193.1 min read

4G vs 5G, what are the real differences between them? Recently, 5G has started to create propaganda all over the world when the first trials of the competencies of the telecom network came to light. 5G which means the fifth generation is the next step to enhance telecom network features to solve more complex and advanced sets of performance requirements. 4G and earlier generations focused on personal and industrial communications whereas, 5G is going to focus on to handle current devices and modern technologies such as monitoring and controlling of technologies from the remote area.

However, the term 4G stands for the fourth generation which is 10 times faster than 3G network and requires a mobile device to connect with the network. 4G brought a revolutionary change in the lives of the younger generation with which they can stream live video games, movies, music and so on. 4G networks are less costly to afford, plays a good role in security and corporate establishment. Still, there are some disadvantages of the 4G network which paves the way to the invention of the 5G network. Let’s shed light on 4G vs 5G.

How 5G differs from 4G:

It is suspected that 5G is going to be more convenient, accurate, smart, faster and efficient than 4G. However, there are some criteria for how 5G differs from 4G. These are noted below:

4G vs 5G

1.Speed: 5G promises that it will far exceed the speed of the broadband internet connection and modem by replacing the use of cables with the cloud. It will have speeds up to 100 gigabits per second. That means 5G will be 100 times faster than the 4G network. It has fewer glitches or bugs than 4G.

2.Low latency: We will be able to download, upload, watch any video online faster without worrying about the internet connection and device crash/hang. Watching a 4K video with high resolution online will be much easier without buffering.

So, low latency (time difference between sending and receiving something) creates the difference between 4G and 5G. For example, Ericsson 5G powers environment-friendly self- driven car and 5G ultra-low latency propel jet engine manufacturing. The latency of 4G is around 30 milliseconds and 5G is as low as 1 millisecond.

3.User number: It is expected that within the year 2020, the number of device users will increase by more than 20 billion. To meet that increased demand 5G needs to emerge.

4.Lower cost for businesses: 5G will bring the very first use of mobile broadband and this will improve the consumer businesses. A study shows that the release of 5G will reduce costs to 10 times per gigabyte than current 4G networks.

5.More secure: 5G makes the system trustworthy by making the wireless network resilient, secure and able to protect individuals privacy. 5G is designed keeping five requirements in mind, these are- resilience, identity management, communication security, privacy, and security assurance.

Countries that are using 5G technologies initially:

Currently, there are no users of 5G but some countries have taken initiatives to use the 5G network in some aspects. A technology leader named Ericsson is playing a vital role in making 5G networks a commercial reality. They are the first with commercial live networks in the United States, South Korea, and Switzerland, They have already deployed operational 5G networks based on commercial equipment in Europe, Asia, Australia, and the Middle East. Japan, China, Turkey, and Sweden are also the adopters of 5G technology. The federal communications commission(FCC) spectrum frontiers order has laid the groundwork for the use of 5G technology in the U.S. within the year 2020.

Contributor: Faiza Tahsin Maisha, Nascenia

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