Published On: March 2nd, 20183.6 min read

Let’s rewind back to July 6th, 2016. It was a typical day until something unusual happened. People were seen doing weird gestures with their smartphones in the roads, parks, offices, homes; basically anywhere and everywhere. It seemed like there had been an outburst of craziness and it affected all of them. This seems like a typical sci-fi movie where the humanity is on the brink of destruction due to some sort of glorious scientific failure, but that is not the case here. Instead, they were doing it for the purpose of entertainment. Many of you can guess the reason. And your guess is right. It was the day when Pokémon Go was released initially for some specific regions and those people mentioned before were catching pokemon in the real world setup. And the technology which made it possible is called Augmented Reality (AR).

Augmented Reality vs Virtual Reality

Many people often mistake between augmented reality and virtual reality. Some even think both are all the same. Just to clarify, Augmented Reality is different from Virtual Reality. They are both computer-generated simulation, and that sums up the similarities between them. While virtual reality replaces the real world environment with the simulated one, augmented reality alters and enhances people’s perception of the reality. That means augmented reality basically is a direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented through computer-generated simulation. That ultimately makes it a combination of real environment and augmented simulation; thus augmented reality is called mixed reality or computer-mediated reality.

Overview of the Technology


To generate simulation for AR, various hardware components are needed like processor, display, sensors and input devices. Modern smartphones and tablet computers contain these elements which often include a camera and MEMS sensors such as the accelerometer, GPS, and solid state compass, making them suitable AR platforms. The hardware components are generally worn on the human body or handheld and perform different tasks according to the instructions. Also, the display can be replaced by eyeglasses and contact lenses. Notable examples can be Google Glass and Microsoft HoloLens. Also, speech recognition system is used to convert user’s spoken words into computer instructions and gesture recognition system to track user’s body movements. Also, various tracking and networking devices are used to enhance user experience and also to increase precision and accuracy of the output. The computer and processor then analyze the data to synthesize and position augmentations.


Software and Algorithm

AR system should be able to really integrate augmentations with the real world. For that, a process called image registration is used. The software uses Augmented Reality Markup Language (ARML) developed within the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC), consisting of XML grammar to describe the location and appearance of virtual objects in the scene. Also, ECMAScript bindings allow dynamic access to properties of virtual objects.There are various Software Development Kits (SDKs) available for the development of AR applications like CloudRidAR, Vuforia, ARToolKit, Catchoom CraftAR etc.

Applications of Augmented Reality

Other than its use in entertainment, AR has various other applications. AR was first used in the early 1990s, starting with the Virtual Fixtures system developed at the U.S. Air Force’s Armstrong Labs in 1992. Since then, AR has been used in the following sectors:

  • Literature
  • Archaeology
  • Architecture
  • Visual Art
  • Commerce
  • Education
  • Emergency Management
  • Industrial Design
  • Flight Training
  • Medical

Also, AR is used in Spatial immersion and interaction, Navigation, Broadcast and live events, Workplace, Tourism and sightseeing, Translation, Music, and Retail. Social media platforms are not far behind as Snapchat has implemented AR features in ‘Bitmoji’ which can be projected, photographed or video recorded. The same features have been adopted by Instagram recently.

Though there are some concerns regarding privacy as AR needs constant recording and analyzing of the real environment, it can be undoubtedly said that this is the future. The days are nearby when holographic communication will be the norm and the AR will be used on the mass basis. We can only hope that time comes sooner rather than later.

Contributor: Tasmeem HaqueNascenia

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