Published On: April 27th, 20243.2 min read

Ruby and Python both are high-level programming languages that are widely used for developing websites and web apps. Both languages have similarities in their appearance and structure but there lies a huge difference in their way of approach to solving problems.

Although it depends on someone’s personal preference what they feel more comfortable to write code with, there are some key differences between ruby and python which can bias someone to go along with ruby over python. Here we discuss some reasons why Ruby is better than Python in web development.Ruby and Python | Ruby vs Python | Nascenia

Both Python and Ruby came around in the mid-90s when Python predates Ruby. The purpose of both languages was to address the needs of the programming community. They’re both object-oriented, dynamic and provide standard libraries and persistence support, both have interpreted scripting language unlike other compiled languages, but their philosophies are different. Ruby gives the freedom to choose multiple methods to solve the same problem where Python comes with only one approach. The web framework of Ruby, Ruby on Rails is more popular than Django of Python as a web development tool.

Ruby on Rails is used in websites like Airbnb, Hulu, Kickstarter, Groupon, and Github. Python is used for websites such as Google, YouTube, Spotify, and Quora.

Key Differences Between Ruby on Rails and Python

Python and Ruby differ mainly in their philosophy. Ruby is believed to be more elegant, and expressive whereas Python prefers to be conservative and stable.

Ruby on Rails:

  • Ruby is designed to be infinitely flexible and empowering for programmers
  • It has an elegant web framework and happens to be more magical
  • It focuses on “human-language” programming
  • Gives programmers the freedom to adopt whichever approach they want to solve problems
  • Quick to embrace new things and more expressive
  • Very web-focused, tons of features out of the box for web development
  • Ruby uses blocks of code and provides many other features including fragmentation, hashable and unhashable types, and mutable strings.

Python:

  • Python takes a direct approach to programming
  • Ensures everything is obvious to the programmer
  • There is only one best way to do something
  • Strict to the layout and indentation
  • Emphasizes code readability and so, easy to learn

The language follows three core principles:

  • Explicit is better than implicit
  • Simple is better than complex
  • Complex is better than complicated.

The use of whitespace is a prime example of Python’s “explicit” philosophy.

Thus for its explicit nature, it is relatively easy to debug and simple to learn as the syntax is very simple. Python is favored more from academic and scientific perspectives. New features are added slowly in Python which makes Python developers somewhat conservative in their approach since they value stability over change.

Web Frameworks:

Django and Rails are both frameworks that help to build web applications that have similar performance because Ruby and Python both are scripting languages. They both provide concepts from MVC frameworks like models, views, controllers, and database migrations.

Rails is strongly opinionated, and favors convention over configuration and this Rails convention allows to build web applications very quickly. Ruby is very popular with startups as startups constantly pivot to new ideas and have to implement features very quickly. Rails allows fast prototyping and iterate quickly to change their products.

Ruby has a repository called Rubygems, and lots of libraries can be used to add features to web applications.

Personal preferences and goals are most important for someone in decision-making. However, from the discussions on Ruby vs Python, we can come to a conclusion that Ruby is more preferable and enjoyable than Python for developing web applications. Python has a more diverse community than Ruby as it was used for many purposes beyond web development. Whatever is done in Python can be done with Ruby even in a more elegant way.

Contributor: Nawshin Rashidi, Nascenia

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